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The flat surface you work on. Plane surface

A tool to draw straight lines with Ruler

Is located at the observers eye level, usually coincides with the horizon line. Horizon

side line on your picture plane coverage to ones vanishing point, one side of the object is parallel to the picture plane Vanishing line

Lines that goes in the same direction Parallel lines

A meeting point on your picture where all the points come together on the horizon. Vanishing point

A Master artist who painted the Last Supper and used 1point perspective. Leonardo Da Vinci

Both sides of the objects are at an angle against the picture frame Picture frame

A method of drawing 3- dimensional objects with linear perspective Linear perspective

Lines that run across, a line that divides the sky from the land Eye level

A drawing technique creating the illusion of 3- dimensional on a 2- dimensional Parallel perspective

Lines that are arranged up and down Vertical line

These lines refer to the lines drawn connecting the parts of your object to the vanishing point. One point perspective

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Lines that go in the same direction parallel lines

these lines refer to the lines drawn connecting the parts of your object to the vanishing point Visual rays

The flat surface you work on picture plane

a meeting point on your picture where all the points come together on the horizon Vanishing point

Both sides of the object are at an angle against the picture plane two point perspective

A drawing technique creating the illusion of 3 dimensions on a 2-dimensional surface linear perspective

side lines on your picture plane converge to one vanishing point, one side of the object is parallel to the picture plane One point perspective

Is located at the observers eye level, usually coincides with the horizon line eye level

lines that are arranged up and down vertical lines

Lines that run across, a line that divides the sky from the land horizontal lines

a Master artist who painted the last supper and used one point perspective Leonardo Da Vinci

A method for drawing 3-dimentional objects with linear perspective orthogonal lines

a tool to draw straight lines with rule

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A system of drawing in which the artist attempts to create the illusion of depth on a 2D surface using converging lines. linear perspective

A form of linear perspective in which all lines converge on a single vanishing point one point perspective

A position on the horizon where lines between near and distant appear to converge. vanishing point

A level line where the earth and sky seem to meet. Horizon

Diagonal lines perpendicular to the picture plane that converge on a vanishing point. Orthogonals

The element of art that refers to the lightness or darkness in a work of art. Value

Showing change from light to dark to produce the illusion of depth. shading

The area on any surface which reflects the most light. highlight

Shadow created by the object blocking the light. cast shadow

Artwork that has a realistic appearance with irrational or dreamlike subject matter. surreal

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a drawing method for creating the illusion of three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface Perspective

where the land and sky meet; always at eye-level because the earth is round Horizon Line

the point where parallel lines seem to come together; always on the horizon line Vanishing Point

the parallel lines that seem to come together on at the vanishing point Orthogonals

the area on the horizon line that is shown in an artist’s picture Picture Plane

lines spaced equally apart that will never cross or come together Parallel Lines

looking up at something from the viewpoint of being down on the ground Worm’s Eye View

looking down on something from the viewpoint of being up in the air above it Bird’s Eye View

placing closer objects so they partially cover objects that are behind them Overlapping

close objects have clear detail; far objects seem fuzzy Focus

objects near the bottom of the picture appear closer to the viewer; objects higher on the page will appear farther away Placement

close objects appear larger; far objects appear smaller Size

bold, dark lines appear to come forward; a faint lines fade into the background Value

Renaissance artist who developed linear perspective Brunelleschi

famous artwork by Leonardo da Vinci that uses linear perspective The Last Supper

famous artwork by Raphael that uses linear perspective The School of Athens

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The mathematical sentence that uses an equal sign to show that two expressions are equal. EQUATION

The line intersects 2 or more parallel line TRANSVERSAL

The side of the right triangle that is opposite to the right angle. HYPOTENUSE

The symbol that is used to represent a square root RADICAL SIGN

The numerical factor of the term that contains a variable COEFFICIENT

A function whose graph is non vertical line LINEAR FUNCTION

The ratio of change in y to the change in x (rise/run) SLOPE

A polygon with three sides TRIANGLE

Changes the figure into another shape TRANSFORMATION

Identical in form (angles) CONGRUENT

When two parallel lines are cut by a transversal, the angles formed on the outside of the parallel lines EXTERIOR ANGLES

In any right triangle, the sum of the squares of the lengths of legs is equal to the square of the length of the hypotenuse PYTHAGOREAN THEOREM

Lines in the same plane that do not intersect PARALLEL LINES

A transformation in which a figure slides but does not turn TRANSLATION

The set of all points in the space that are the same distance from the point called center SPHERE

A transformation in which a figure is made larger or smaller with respect to a fixed point DILATION

A measure of the amount of space a 3 dimensional figure occupies VOLUME

A number that, when multiplied by itself, equals a given number SQUARE ROOT

Two numbers whose product is 1 RECIPROCALS

A polyhedron that has 2 parallel, congruent bases; the lateral faces are parallelogram PRISM

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colors that are next to each other on the color wheel analogous

when a color is mixed with white tint

when a color is mixed with black shade

when a color is mixed with gray tone

what you get when you mix primary and secondary colors tertiary

the lightness or darkness of tones or colors value

this ranges from black to white when working with value value scale

this color scheme comes from a single hue mixed with tones, tints and shades monochromatic

these are the main 3 colors needed to create all other colors primary

these colors are created when you mix primary colors together secondary

this is created when light his an object...it lets us see the _____ of an object color

these colors are opposite one another on the color wheel complementary

this element of art is a point (or dot) moving through space to create a shape line

patterns of repeating lines that fill a space zentangle

two dimensional objects that are drawn (ex: circles, squares, triangles) shape

three dimensional objects that are drawn using lines form

this element of art refers to distances around, to and from or between areas space

this can be positive or negative on your paper when sketching space

The many different ways, or views, that can be used while sketching perspective

you give the illusion of this by adding details to the surface of your artwork texture

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a strong cloth used for painting Canvas

artwork made by pasting pieces of paper to a flat surface Collage

the art of making plans Architecture

an arrangement primary colors to create new colors Color Wheel

the placement of 2 opposites side by side Contrast

frame used to support a canvas Easel

area in composition where the emphasis is greatest Focal Point

refers to a common name found on the color wheel Hue

things that look flat Two-Dimensional

hidden symbolic meaning Allegory

hand-made object that represents a culture or period Artifact

change of color from one tone to another Blending

character studies that exaggerate one or more features Caricature

natural forms changed by geometrical reduction Cubism

the illusion of space in a picture plane depth

the order of line, form, color, value, texture, and space in an arrangement design

the order of line, form, color, value, texture, and space in an arrangement free-form

things that look, or are, solid three-dimensional

work of art created to go with a story or other kinds of work in print illustration

a style of painting that represent the effects of sunlight on color impressionism

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A triangle that contains only angles that are less than 90 degrees. Acute Triangle

The amount of rotation needed to bring one line or plane into coincidence with another, generally measured in radians or degrees. Angle

The number of square units required to cover a surface. Area

1. An imaginary line through a body, about which it rotates. Axis

A 3D point defining the geometric center of a solid. Centroid

A round plane figure whose boundary consists of points equidistant from the center Circle

1. A triangle located round a polygon such as a circle. Circumscribe

A solid composed of two congruent circles in parallel planes, their interiors, and all the line segments parallel to the axis with endpoints on the two circles. Cylinder

The measure of mass density is a measure of mass per volume. Density

A straight line passing from side to side through the center of a circle or sphere. Diameter

A shape generated by a point moving in a plane so that the sum of its distances from two other points (the foci) is constant and equal to the major axis Ellipse

A curve formed at the interior intersection between two or more surfaces. Fillet

To draw a figure within another so that their boundaries touch but do not intersect. Inscribe

The amount of matter in an object or the quantity of the inertia of the object. Mass

A triangle with one angle that is greater than 90 degrees. Obtuse Triangle

A four-sided polygon with both pairs of opposite sides parallel. Parallelogram

The numerical value of the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter Pi

Any plane figure bounded by straight lines. Polygon

A solid geometric figure whose two ends are similar, equal, and parallel rectilinear figures, and whose sides are parallelograms. Prism

A four-sided polygon. Quadrilateral

A straight line from the center to the circumference of a circle or sphere. Radius

A parallelogram with 90 degree angles. A square is also a rectangle. Rectangle

A triangle that has a 90 degree angle. Right Triangle

A regular polygon with four equal sides and four 90 degree angles. Square

The squared dimensions of the exterior surface Surface Area

A straight or curved line that intersects a circle or arc at one point only. Tangent

A polygon with three sides. Triangle

The amount of three-dimensional space occupied by an object or enclosed within a container. Volume

A four-sided polygon. Quadrilateral

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Line segments that do not intersect. They are side by side and have the same distance continuously between them. Parallel

A straight line going through the center of a circle. It connects two points on the circle's circumference. Diameter

An angle that is equal to 90 degrees. It is usually represented by a small square on the vertex of the angle. right

A flat surface that extends forever and does not end. It contains an x and y axis, and infinite points and lines. plane

A transformation that moves an image a certain distance. It slides an image within a plane without rotating or flipping it. translation

A triangle that has two sides of equal length. The angles opposite the equal sides are also equal. isosceles

A pair of adjacent angles formed by intersecting lines. Another word for supplementary angles, meaning that they add up to equal 180 degrees. linear pair

Two lines that intersect. The relationship between the two lines meet at a right angle. perpendicular

A 2-dimensional shape that has three sides and three angles. There are three types of a ________; Equilateral, Isosceles, and Scalene. triangle

Two angles that add up to equal 90 degrees. Two angles that add up to 180 degrees are supplementary, while two angles that add up to 90 degrees are _________. complementary

The perimeter or distance around the edge of a circle. The equation to find the __________ is πd or 2πr. circumference

A straight path that extends in two opposite directions without end, and has no thickness. A _________ can contain infinite points. line

A part of a line that consists of two endpoints. This forms when two points are connected. segment

A part of a line that consists of one endpoint. When naming a _________, the endpoint MUST com first. ray

A 3-dimensional point, line, or shape. It is a region in which objects exist. space

The distance from the center to the circumference of a circle. It is half of the circle's diameter. radius

A transformation that turns an image around a given point. It can be transformed by turning it clockwise or counterclockwise. rotation

Unit to measure angles. One __________ is the angle measurement of 1/360th of a circle. degrees

The common endpoint of two or more rays or line segments. It is the corner or point where lines meet. vertex

A trigonometric function used in a right angled triangle. It is the length of the adjacent side divided by the length of the hypotenuse. cosine

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A closed plane figure formed by three or more straight sides that are line segments. polygon

A polygon with three sides and three angles. triangle

A polygon with four sides and four angles. quadrilateral

A polygon with five sides and five angles. pentagon

A polygon with six sides and six angles. hexagon

A polygon with seven sides and seven angles. heptagon

A polygon with eight sides and eight angles. octagon

A polygon with nine sides and nine angles. nonagon

A polygon with ten sides and ten angles. decagon

An angle that measures greater than 0 degrees and less than 90 degrees. acute

An angle that forms a square corner and has a measure of 90 degrees. right

An angle whose measure is 180 degrees. straight

An angle that measures greater than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees. obtuse

An exact location in space. point

A straight path of points in a plane that continues without end in both direcetions with NO endpoints. line

A part of a line that includes two points called endpoints and all the points between them. line segment

A part of a line; it has one endpoint and continues without end in one direction. ray

The point at either end of a line segment of the starting point of a ray. endpoint

Lines in the same plane that never intersect and are always the same distance apart. parallel

Two lines that intersect to form four right angles. perpendicular

Lines that cross each other at exactly one point. intersecting

The number of square units needed to cover a surface. area

The distance around a figure. perimeter

A parallelogram with four equal, or congruent, sides and four right angles. square

A parallelogram with opposite sidees that are equal, or congrudent, and with four right angles. rectangle

A parallelogram with four equal, or congruent, sides. rhombus

A quadrilateral with exactly one pair of parallel sides. trapezoid

A quadrilateral whose opposite sides are parallel and equal, or congruent. parallelogram

Having the EXACT same size and shape. congruent

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marks a location and is named by a capital letter; it has no thickness and 0 dimension. Point

An infinite set of points that goes on forever; it has no thickness and it is one dimensional Line

A flat surface that goes on forever in two directions; an infinite set of points; it has no thickness and is two dimensional. Plane

Points that lie on the same line. Collinear

Points that lie on the same plane. Coplanar

Part of a line consisting of two end points and all the points between them. Line Segment

Part of a line that starts at a particular point and extends infinitely in one direction. Ray

Two lines that intersect to form right angles. Perpendicular

Lines that do not intersect but are in the same plane. Parallel

Two rays that share a common endpoint but extends in opposite directions and makes a line. Opposite ray

A point that divides a segment into two congruent segments. Midpoint

Marks the end of a line segment or ray. Endpoint